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(Don’t agree? Editing Wikipedia A guide for student editors supported by Wiki Education. All our editors edit documents in accordance with these editing principles and practices. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). [3][4] This, in turn, encourages wider access to the linked data via Wikipedia. Wikipedia's accessibility makes each of its scientific articles an excellent entry point for laypeople seeking specialist information. How many Wikipedians does it take to change a lightbulb? (2008), Wikipedia:Ten Simple Rules for Editing Wikipedia, your mentors, colleagues, competitors, inventions, or projects, Wikipedia:Eight simple rules for editing our encyclopedia, Wikipedia:Wikipedia editing for research scientists, "Seeking Health Information Online: Does Wikipedia Matter? Perhaps most important for scientists is the appreciation that Wikipedia is not a publisher of original thought or research. As with reporting and writing, there are big-picture issues that editors must attend The Basic Principles of Editing. Editing and writing of course are based on similar principles, even though the processes are different. (2008) A. Hoffmann R (2008) A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. As in academic circles, a good reputation helps your wiki career. Pico AR, Kelder T, van Iersel MP, Hanspers K, Conklin BR, et al. You can give Wikipedia permission to use material you own, but this process is non-reversible and can be time consuming. Many people are tempted to write or edit Wikipedia articles about themselves. Know your audience. 3 Rule 3. Finally, registering an account provides access to enhanced editing features, including a "watchlist" for monitoring articles you have edited previously. If you can improve an article, please do so. Learn the five pillars. The advent of 0.6-cm (0.25 inch) magnetic tape recording after World War II brought with it the ready capability of editing, and a new creative world was opened to the record industry. For example, if you have an obscure, never-been-cited article in the Journal of New Zealand Dairy Research discussing the RNA content of cow milk, then referencing this in the introductory paragraph of the Wikipedia articles on "RNA", "Milk", "Cow", and "Evolution of mammals" is not a good idea. The Definition of Copyediting. In the first shot, an elderly couple is outside an art exhibition having lunch and then follow other people inside through the door. A lovingly crafted hagiography extolling your many virtues can rapidly accumulate information you would rather not be publicized. PMC 2947980. The fundamental principles of Wikipedia may be summarized in five "pillars": Shortcuts. What is Editing?Film editing is part of the creative post-productionprocess of filmmaking. Montage. In practice, good editors are doing a very simple thing: they are recovering an author’s true potential from within a work where it has become confused with things which do not communicate. Guidance is available through a number of avenues, including help desks, a specific IRC channel, and an Adopt-a-User mentorship program. Edit. Wikipedia uses two interface methods: classic editing through wiki markup (wikitext), and a new VisualEditor (VE). Classical Cutting. A fundamental principle of working with authors is that communication success is formed by a writer’s … Basically, they’ll look at just about every element of your story and tell you what works and what doesn’t. With certain conditions, almost all of Wikipedia's content is free for anyone to reuse, adapt, and distribute. So let’s discuss what some of those principles might be. (2008), Hodis E, Prilusky J, Martz E, Silman I, Moult J, et al. Here are six editing principles I follow that help me find a good balance between polishing your writing and maintaining your authentic voice. Its student-friendly approach blends the basics of how to become a master wordsmith with the fundamentals of designing an aesthetically pleasing newspaper. Consequently, it does not accept non-free material under copyright restriction. Wikipedia is a free encyclopedia project, written collaboratively by volunteers. Shortcut. SFX. In other words, scientific observation of the universe would not even be possible if the laws of the universe had been incompatible with the development of sentient life. These are the Principles of editing. This will take you to a new page containing the editable contents of the current page. Begin by making minor modifications to existing articles before attempting a complete rewrite of "History of science". Covering everything from line, creative, and display editing, to photo cropping and layout, Principles of Editing is a hands-on/practical reference. Such reticence is understandable but unfounded. Firstly, it offers you privacy and security. Contributing to Wikipedia is something to enjoy; a natural extension of your enthusiasm for science. 3) there should be a motive for every edit. 2 Wiki Education Wikipedia strives to represent “the sum of all human knowledge.” While Wikipedia contains more than ... policies and principles over the years so we can ensure that Wikipedia is reliable and trustworthy. Wiki markup editing is chosen by clicking the Edit tab at the top of a Wikipedia page (or on a section-edit link). It is also not a soapbox on which to expound your personal theories or a battleground to debate controversial issues. For example, an article on a scientific controversy should describe both the scientific consensus and significant fringe theories, but not in the same depth or in a manner suggesting these viewpoints are equally held. Therefore, Wikipedia urges all its users to be bold: if you spot an error, correct it. Many newcomers to Wikipedia gravitate to articles on controversial issues about which people hold strong opposing viewpoints. 2. MONTAGE A montage is a series of short shots which are condensed down into a series of one to create a sequence or action. WP:5P. 3. A few of us have chosen to associate our accounts with our real identities. Be bold, but not reckless. Remember that unlike a personal Web page, your Wikipedia biography is not yours to control. One of the goals of editing is to make the viewing experience so engaging that the audience forgets they’re watching a film. 2) make the edit invisible. This page is not an encyclopedia article, nor is it one of, This article was adapted from the following source under a, Daub J, Gardner PP, Tate J, Ramskold D, Manske M, et al. Jimmy Wales, co-founder of Wikipedia, told Nature that experts have the ability to "write specifics in a nuanced way", thereby significantly improving article quality. The Different Types of Editing . Do not include copies of lengthy primary sources, Do not disrupt Wikipedia to illustrate a point, Categories, lists, and navigation templates, Wikipedia:Categories, lists, and navigation templates, Wikipedia:Categorization/Ethnicity, gender, religion and sexuality, Wikipedia:Disambiguation/PrimaryTopicDefinition, Wikipedia:Make technical articles understandable, Wikipedia:Overcategorization/User categories, Wikipedia:Reference desk/Guidelines/Medical advice, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Wikipedia_editing_guidelines&oldid=844456189, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 June 2018, at 01:25. Unlike most scientific enterprises, Wikipedia has no deadlines. If you do not provide verification, your contributions will be rightly challenged irrespective of how many degrees you hold. They’ll refine your ideas, shape your narrative, and help you fix any major plot or character inconsistencies. For example, some Wikipedian scientists have successfully integrated biological data with Wikipedia to promote community annotation. Rule 2. Many new editors feel intimidated about contributing to Wikipedia at first, fearing they may make a mistake. 1. Therefore, although it may be tempting, avoid copying text or figures from your latest review article (or anyone else's) into Wikipedia. Editing Principles Wikirate follows Wikipedia's editing principles , unless otherwise noted on this page (for the avoidance of doubt: Wikirate is unrelated to Wikipedia). Wikipedia is not primarily aimed at experts; therefore, the level of technical detail in its articles must be balanced against the ability of non-experts to understand those details. They can be used as "rules" but are not unbreakable as it is possible for it to work very well by going against these conventions. Although any visitor can edit Wikipedia, creating a user account offers a number of benefits. Principles of editing 1. Start off small. Wikipedia can be a confusing place for the inexperienced editor. Menu. This will also ensure it is more suitable for Wikipedia's non-expert readership (see Rule 4). The following 40 pages are in this category, out of 40 total. If you begin to find a particular interaction stressful, simply log off and come back another time. It will quickly be identified as a copyright violation and flagged for immediate deletion. Depending on the level of editing, I may rewrite sentences or point out wordy passages. It establishes that systems minimise a free energy function of their internal states, which entail beliefs about hidden states in their environment. Many people view Wikipedia articles every day, but don't contribute. PMID 20941386. Henri Fayol's 14 Principles of Management Edit. The English Wikipedia does not have a single, definitive statement of the community's values and principles. Science, Tech, Math Science Math Social Sciences Computer Science Animals & Nature Humanities History & Culture Visual Arts Literature But differences of opinion inevitably arise, particularly on pages provided for discussion on how to improve articles. Over the course of five Saturdays in March, I taught a class in copyediting at Bellevue College. By also providing direct hyperlinks to reliable, freely accessible online resources with your citations (biological databases or open-access journals, for example), other editors can quickly verify your content and readers have immediate access to authoritative sources that address the subject in greater detail. Writing about a subject about which you have academic expertise is not a conflict of interest; indeed, this is where we can contribute to Wikipedia most effectively. But it is worth the effort. Concision (also called brevity, laconicism, or conciseness), is a writing principle of eliminating redundancy. Since unverified content may be removed from Wikipedia at any time, provide supporting citations for every statement that might be challenged by another editor at some point in the future. 2. Others have used the wiki model to develop their own specialist, collaborative databases. (2008) The, Huss JW 3rd, Orozco C, Goodale J, Wu C, Batalov S, et al. 2010. doi:10.1371/JOURNAL.PCBI.1000941. Wikipedia is unmatched in size, but its continuing success depends on the regular contributions of tens of thousands of volunteers. The worst that can happen is that your first edits are deemed not to be an improvement and they get reverted. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. Principles and Purpose of Editing The purpose of editing is to continue or illuminate significance to a scene or story. For better or worse, people are guided to Wikipedia when searching the Web for biomedical information. To maintain the highest standards possible, Wikipedia has a strict inclusion policy that demands verifiability. Wikipedia's guidelines encourage you to provide information about yourself on the associated discussion page, but please permit other editors to add it to the article itself. WP:PILLARS. • Reviewers should decline to review manuscripts … When writing, do state facts and facts about notable opinions, but do not offer your opinion as fact. Copy, in this case a noun, refers to material (such as handwritten or typewritten pages) to be first corrected and improved upon, and then composed (as in typesetting) for printing. Occasionally you may interact with another editor who clearly does not share your expertise on the subject of an article. Simplified rulesetSynopsis of our conventions, Wikimedia principlesCommon to all projects(in Meta-Wiki), PrinciplesOther essays on Wikipedia's principles, It contains the advice or opinions of one or more Wikipedia contributors. The survival and growth of any wiki requires participation. (2008) Calling on a million minds for community annotation in WikiProteins. 1) continuity. The Principles of Management are the essential, underlying factors that form the foundations of successful management. Below is a list of some of these popular pages: If you have a personal or financial interest in the subject of any article you choose to edit, declare it on the associated discussion page and heed the advice of other editors who can offer a more objective perspective. This is best established by attributing each statement in Wikipedia to a reliable, published source (but see Rules 7 and 8 on excessive self-citing). This is a maintenance category, used for maintenance of the Wikipedia project.It is not part of the encyclopedia and contains non-article pages, or groups articles by status rather than subject.Do not include this category in content categories. WP:5P1. It offers insight into the ever changing role that the editor plays in today's newspaper. The free energy principle is a formal statement that explains how living and non-living systems remain in non-equilibrium steady-states by restricting themselves to a limited number of states. It is often better to rewrite the text in simpler language or redraw the figure to make it more accessible. Copyediting Principles. Editing high-quality fiction is fun. Video Production Principles of Editing Post Production. Effectively, they are converting non-communication to communication. Mechanical Distortions. Avoid these until familiar with Wikipedia's policies (see Rule 3), and instead focus on articles that are much easier to remain dispassionate about. Wikipedia:Ten simple rules for editing Wikipedia. Learn the five pillars. Crosscutting. Wikipedia is the world's most successful online encyclopedia, now containing 6,229,179 English language articles. *Actually, not everything Linda writes fits into the … Think twice, also, before writing about your mentors, colleagues, competitors, inventions, or projects. Covering everything from line, creative, and display editing, to photo cropping and layout, Principles of Editing is a hands-on/practical reference. To provide a consistent, professional service, Pure English has adopted a set of editing principles and practices based on authoritative reference works for the English language. 6 (9): e1000941. Historically it was the first type of editing which violated the 180 rule, it is not concerned by temporal continuity which had previously been found in classical Hollywood movies. Editing is the process of selecting and preparing written, photographic, visual, audible, or cinematic material used by a person or an entity to convey a message or information. How do you do this without breaking the rules? It feels like they’re immersed in the world you’ve created. Many scientists who contribute to Wikipedia fail to appreciate that a neutral point of view is not the same as the mainstream scientific point of view. Home. What are … The Principles of Editing When editing these principles are generally taken into consideration to get the best out of what is being edited. When contributing scientific content, imagine you have been tasked with writing a comprehensive scientific review for a high school audience. • Reviewers should declare any competing interests. All articles in Wikipedia should be impartial in tone and content. Editing Rule (#1) Editing involves more than making sure words are spelled correctly, language is used properly, punctuation is in the right places and spelling is accurate. The use of film editing to establish continuity, involving action moving from one sequence into another, is attributed to British film pioneer Robert W. Paul's Come Along, Do!, made in 1898 and one of the first films to feature more than one shot. It is probably the largest collection of knowledge ever assembled, and is certainly the most widely accessible. For scientists, contributing to Wikipedia is an excellent way of fulfilling public engagement responsibilities and sharing expertise. Resist that urge. [1] When writing in your area of expertise, referencing material you have published in peer-reviewed journals is permitted if it is genuinely notable, but use common sense (and revisit Rule 7). 1 Rule 1. Editing. In this respect, Wikipedia fundamentally differs from other types of new media, such as blogs, that encourage editorializing. Wikipedia combines many features of general and specialized encyclopedias, almanacs, and gazetteers. It can be surprisingly challenging to explain complex ideas in an accessible, jargon-free manner. If this does occur, treat it as a positive learning experience and ask the reverting editor for advice. Wikipedia is an encyclopedia. Its student-friendly approach blends the basics of how to become a master wordsmith with the fundamentals of designing an aesthetically pleasing newspaper. You’re looking to … Contents. Whenever possible, give preference to secondary sources (such as reviews or book chapters) that survey the relevant primary research over research articles themselves. In this series, we’ll show you in practical terms what it means to edit your work by explaining the following: 1. Edit screen(s) Editing most Wikipedia pages is simple. There are some broad principles—known as the "five pillars"—all editors are expected to adhere to when contributing to Wikipedia. A SHORT GUIDE TO ETHICAL EDITING FOR NEW EDITORS • Reviews should be conducted objectively. Do not forget this. You can even summon help using a special template {{helpme}} and, as if by magic, a friendly Wikipedian will appear to offer one-on-one assistance. “For a developmental edit, I look at some of the larger questions,” says editor Mary-Theresa Hussey. This isn’t my manuscript. There are many different principles of editing and some are more importants than others but if a film maker was to take all these principles into consideration then you shouldnt go wrong on the editing side. When writing about complex issues, try to cover all significant viewpoints and afford each with due weight, but not equal weight. This how-to will show you what you can do to constructively edit Wikipedia. Wikipedia can be edited by anyone with Internet access who chooses to, but does it provide reliable information? 5 Rule 5. Editing Principles and Practices. Learning Wiki markup—the syntax that instructs the software how to render the page—may appear daunting at first, though the recent implementation of a new editing toolbar has made this easier, and usability development is ongoing. “Why are the characters behaving as they do? How to put up a straight pole by pushing it at an angle, Newcomers are delicious, so go ahead and bite them, No climbing the Reichstag dressed as Spider-Man, Please be a giant dick, so we can ban you, Difference between policies, guidelines and essays, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Ten_simple_rules_for_editing_Wikipedia&oldid=992435757, Wikipedia essays about experts and expertise, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 07:20. Most scientists are in the fortunate position of having access to a wide body of literature, and experience in using inline citations to support their writing. Strunk and White says:. PRINT JOURNALISM II- OBJECTIVES & PRINCIPLES OF EDITING 1. Accordingly, it is not an appropriate venue to promote your pet theory or share unpublished results. The editing process can involve correction, condensation, organisation, and many other modifications performed with an intention of producing a correct, consistent, accurate and complete piece of work. Rule 1. Editing, whether personal or professional, is what makes the difference between almost good and great. By logging in you can build a record of good edits, and it is easier to communicate and collaborate with others if you have a fixed, reputable identity. Subjective Editing. 4 Rule 4. Wrong notes could be corrected, noises removed, and the best sections of musical works joined together. The intersecting guidelines and policies (and the annoying tendency of experienced editors to use an alphabet soup of acronyms to reference them) can also be tricky to comprehend. A 2005 study by Nature found that a selection of Wikipedia articles on scientific subjects were comparable to a professionally edited encyclopedia,[1] suggesting a community of volunteers can generate and sustain surprisingly accurate content. Principles of EditingDaisy Jones 2. Register an account. Over the years, several editors have written summaries of these values and principles as well as essays expressing their ideas about what is important. Most do not. The principle of detailed balance was explicitly introduced for collisions by Ludwig Boltzmann.In 1872, he proved his H-theorem using this principle. [2] So there is an increasing need for the scientific community to engage with Wikipedia to ensure that the information it contains is accurate and current. PLOS Computational Biology. TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75 Affiliated Institution of G.G.S.IP.U, Delhi BJMC Print Journalism II- 24203 PRINT JOURNALISM II By: Ayushi Sachdeva Assistant Professor If you are sufficiently notable to merit inclusion in an encyclopedia, eventually someone else will write an article about you. It is also referenced as creating different moods and atmosphere, this could be done through pace of shots, three way colour correction, fades, and other editing techniques. Some journals, including those from the Public Library of Science, publish material under an open-access license that is compatible with use in Wikipedia if properly attributed. 2. ISSN 1553-734X. According to Henri Fayol in his book General and Industrial Management (1916), there are 14 'Principles of Management'. Thankfully, the Wikipedia community puts great stock in welcoming new editors. These, however, are important details that separate a polished publication from a sloppy one. Rule 3. [1] On such occasions, remember that you are assessed only on your contributions to Wikipedia, not who you are, your qualifications, or what you have achieved in your career. Sub editing or copyediting is the process by which an editor makes formatting changes and other improvements to text. History. You will reap the benefits when it comes to writing your next manuscript or teaching an undergraduate class. Be bold, but not reckless. Should you choose to forgo pseudonymity on Wikipedia, your entire editing history will be open to indefinite scrutiny by curious Web searchers, including future colleagues, students, or employers. Wikidata Q21145331. Developmental editing, also called content or substantive editing, involves an editor providing detailed feedback on “big-picture” issues. It is important, however, to distinguish boldness from recklessness. The class is a requirement for students in the Technical Writing certificate program, and an elective for people in other cert programs. • Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments and references as necessary and not be defamatory or libellous. Editing is a stage of the writing process in which a writer strives to improve a draft by correcting errors and by making words and sentences clearer and more precise. Tuesday, 2 April 2013 12:13 AM. Mons B, Ashburner M, Chichester C, van Mulligen E, Weeber M, et al. Principles of Editing 1. Doing so places you in a conflict of interest and inclines you towards unintentional bias. ", Essays on building, editing, and deleting content, Editing Wikipedia is like visiting a foreign country, Eight simple rules for editing our encyclopedia, Not editing because of Wikipedia restriction, POV and OR from editors, sources, and fields, The role of policies in collaborative anarchy, Children's lit, adult new readers, & large-print books, Criticisms of society may be consistent with NPOV and reliability, Don't demolish the house while it's still being built, Don't revert due solely to "no consensus", Identifying and using independent sources, Not every story/event/disaster needs a biography, Organizing disambiguation pages by subject area, Understanding Wikipedia's content standards, Wikipedia is not being written in an organized fashion, Arguments to avoid in deletion discussions, Arguments to avoid in image deletion discussions, Arguments to make in deletion discussions, Before commenting in a deletion discussion, Counting and sorting are not original research, Don't confuse stub status with non-notability, Don't overuse shortcuts to policy and guidelines to win your argument, How to save an article proposed for deletion, What to do if your article gets tagged for speedy deletion, High-functioning autism and Asperger's editors, An uncivil environment is a poor environment, Most people who disagree with you on content are not vandals, Drop the stick and back slowly away from the horse carcass, Don't accuse someone of a personal attack for accusing of a personal attack, Don't make a smarmy valediction part of your signature, Discriminate vs indiscriminate information, Extracting the meaning of significant coverage, Inclusion is not an indicator of notability, News coverage does not decrease notability, No amount of editing can overcome a lack of notability, Notability is not relevance or reliability, Not every single thing Donald Trump does deserves an article, Wikipedia is not here to tell the world about your noble cause, Assume that everyone's assuming good faith, assuming that you are assuming good faith, Seven Ages of Editor, by Will E. Spear-Shake. [5][6][7][8] Taking your first steps into Wikipedia can be daunting, but here we provide some tips that should make the editing process go smoothly. E, Weeber M, Chichester C, Batalov s, et al newcomers to Wikipedia is the world most! Provided for discussion on how to become a master wordsmith with the fundamentals of designing an pleasing! Be corrected, noises removed, and an Adopt-a-User mentorship program an elective for in... The first shot, an elderly couple is outside an art exhibition having lunch and then follow people... Scientists is the basis of much academic angst on Wikipedia edit tab at the top of a Wikipedia page or. Articles an excellent way of fulfilling public engagement responsibilities and sharing expertise confusing place for the editor! Specialist, collaborative databases major plot or character inconsistencies or teaching an undergraduate class promote annotation... Write in a conflict of interest and inclines you towards unintentional bias by... This will also ensure it is also not a soapbox on which to expound your theories... Lunch and then follow other people inside through the door used the wiki model to develop their own,. Account provides access to enhanced editing features, including a `` watchlist '' for articles. Henri Fayol in his book general and specialized encyclopedias, almanacs, and a new VisualEditor ( VE.... It does not share your expertise on the regular contributions of tens of thousands volunteers! Principles of editing the Purpose of editing process by which an editor makes formatting changes and improvements!, is what makes the difference between almost good and great scientific review for a developmental edit I!, which entail beliefs about hidden states in their environment ideas in an accessible, jargon-free manner be! Write an article about you new editors text in simpler language or redraw the figure to make it more.... Of tens of thousands of volunteers copyediting is the process by which editor. Create confusion that unlike a personal Web page, your contributions will be challenged! The text in simpler language or redraw the figure to make it more accessible he proved his H-theorem using principle! Of editing, whether personal or professional, is a list of some of these popular pages:.! Contributing scientific content, imagine you have edited previously experience and ask reverting... Used the wiki model to develop their own specialist, collaborative databases five pillars '': Shortcuts treat other as! Your next manuscript or teaching an undergraduate class to merit inclusion in an accessible, jargon-free manner no deadlines ). Works and what doesn ’ t bold: if you spot an error, correct it integrated biological with. Not reflect recent changes ( learn more ) ] [ 4 ] this in. Share unpublished results, imagine you have edited previously can give Wikipedia permission to use material own! Such as principles of editing wikipedia, that encourage editorializing new media, such as,... Come back another time ) A. Hoffmann R ( 2008 ) A. Hoffmann R ( 2008 ) A. Hoffmann (!, particularly on pages provided for discussion on how to improve articles interface methods: classic through. Pillars '' —all editors are expected to adhere to when contributing to at. Page, your Wikipedia biography, but do n't contribute minor modifications to existing articles before attempting a rewrite. Are some broad principles—known as the `` five pillars '': Shortcuts balance polishing... Pseudonymous username actually have greater anonymity than those who edit `` anonymously '' the first shot, elderly. Certain conditions, almost all of Wikipedia may be summarized in five `` pillars '': Shortcuts his H-theorem this! & principles of editing when writing, do principles of editing wikipedia facts and facts about notable opinions, but this process non-reversible... And maintaining your authentic voice all significant viewpoints and afford each with due weight, but n't... Challenged irrespective of how to become a master wordsmith with the fundamentals of designing an pleasing... Can improve an article in March, I may rewrite sentences or point out wordy passages participation! Of designing an aesthetically pleasing newspaper contains factual inaccuracies that you wish to correct editing features, help! Those principles might be content, imagine you have edited previously sharing expertise [ 3 ] [ ]... Be defamatory or libellous, definitive statement of the creative post-productionprocess of filmmaking thousands of volunteers today 's newspaper an. A `` watchlist '' for monitoring articles you have edited previously but it contains factual inaccuracies you. Details that separate a polished publication from a sloppy one features, including help,! Comes to writing your next manuscript or teaching an undergraduate class people are guided Wikipedia! Shape your narrative, and help you fix any major plot or character inconsistencies a scene or story shot an! Deemed not to be bold: if you spot an error, correct it though counterintuitive, editors under! In accordance with these editing principles and Purpose of editing 1 often prove frustrating for experts is... Of detailed balance was explicitly introduced for collisions by Ludwig Boltzmann.In 1872, he proved H-theorem! And other improvements to text can rapidly accumulate information you would rather be! Collaborators and maintain a respectful and civil manner, even in disagreement other editors as collaborators and maintain a and! Inventions, or projects, almanacs, and an elective for people in other cert programs the level editing.: classic editing through wiki markup editing is to continue or illuminate significance to a new page containing editable. Also ensure it is important, however, are important details that separate a publication! Doing principles of editing wikipedia places you in a conflict of interest and inclines you towards unintentional bias entry point laypeople. Of successful Management largest collection of knowledge ever assembled, and is certainly the most widely accessible sequence! Hoffmann R ( 2008 ) a wiki for the life sciences where authorship.... Beliefs about hidden states in their environment is editing? Film editing is part of the current.... Science '' neutral manner and produce reliable, independent sources to support each assertion make... Content is free for anyone to reuse, adapt, and an elective for people in cert! ) the, Huss JW 3rd, Orozco C, Goodale J, et al to adhere to when to. Continue or illuminate significance to a scene or story of successful Management urges all users. Interaction stressful, simply log off and come back principles of editing wikipedia time offer your opinion as fact works. Makes formatting changes and other improvements to text your personal theories or a battleground debate! Not offer your opinion as fact formatting changes and other improvements to text Iersel MP, K! Helps your wiki career visitor can edit Wikipedia, creating a user offers! Supported by wiki Education searching the Web for biomedical information all our editors edit documents accordance! Interact with another editor who clearly does not share your expertise on the level of editing 1 chosen by the... Become a master wordsmith with the fundamentals of designing an aesthetically pleasing newspaper successful.! Establishes that systems minimise a free energy function of their internal states, which entail beliefs hidden! The basics of how to become a master wordsmith with the fundamentals of designing an aesthetically pleasing newspaper reliable. Unmatched in size, but does it take to change a lightbulb, even disagreement! Et al illuminate significance to a scene or story experience and ask the reverting editor advice... May interact with another editor who clearly does not share your expertise on the level of is! Other improvements to text, I look at just about every element your. Down into a series of short shots which are condensed down into a series of shots... Guide for student editors supported by wiki Education 3 ] [ 4 ] this, in,. And sharing expertise how-to will show you what works and what doesn ’.! A strict inclusion policy that demands verifiability ” issues watchlist '' for monitoring articles you have been with... Clicking the edit tab at the top of a Wikipedia page ( or on a million minds community. Tone and content establishes that systems minimise a free energy function of principles of editing wikipedia internal states which! Counterintuitive, editors registered under a pseudonymous username actually have greater anonymity than those who ``. Features of general and Industrial Management ( 1916 ), there are some broad principles—known as the `` five ''! Your pet theory or share unpublished results, Batalov s, et al `` pillars '':.... Your next manuscript or teaching an undergraduate class Why are the characters behaving as they?. Who edit `` anonymously '' about themselves article about you your mentors, colleagues, competitors, inventions or! The rules about complex issues, try to cover all significant viewpoints and afford each principles of editing wikipedia due weight, not. ” says editor Mary-Theresa Hussey provides access to enhanced editing features, including desks. Highest standards possible, Wikipedia has no deadlines part of the larger questions, says! ] [ 4 ] this, in turn, encourages wider access to the data... Has no deadlines editing when editing these principles are generally taken into consideration to get best... Shape your narrative, and help you fix any major plot or character inconsistencies a user account offers number! Particular interaction stressful, simply log off and come back another time changing that..., almanacs, and help you fix any major plot or character inconsistencies Wikipedia no. Comes to writing your next manuscript or teaching an undergraduate class details that separate a polished publication from sloppy! Your enthusiasm for science irrespective of how to become a master wordsmith with fundamentals! Are tempted to write in a neutral manner and produce reliable, independent sources to support each assertion you.... To enhanced editing features, including help desks, a specific IRC channel, and help fix... Screen ( s ) editing most Wikipedia pages is simple someone else will write an article, please do...., your Wikipedia biography, but do not provide verification, your contributions will rightly.

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WHO IS SARAH?

Sarah Michelle Prinze (born April 14, 1977), known professionally by her birth name of Sarah Michelle Gellar, is an American film and television actress. She became widely known for her role as Buffy Summers on the WB/UPN television series ’Buffy the Vampire Slayer’. Gellar has also hosted Saturday Night Live a total of three times (1998, 1999, and 2002), appearing in a number of comedy sketches. Gellar built on her television fame with a motion picture career, and had intermittent commercial success. After roles in the popular thrillers I Know What You Did Last Summer and Scream 2 (both 1997), she starred in the 1999 film Cruel Intentions, alongside Ryan Phillipe, Reese Witherspoon and Selma Blair, whose kiss with Gellar won the two the “Best Kiss” award at the 2000 MTV Movie Awards. She resides in Los Angeles, California, with her husband, Freddie Prinze Jr. They have been married since 2002, and have two children.

SPOTLIGHT PROJECT

 

TITLE: Cruel Intentions | ROLE: Kathryn Merteuil
FORMAT: Film | GENRE: Drama, Romance | YEAR: 1999
SYNOPSIS: Two vicious step-siblings of an elite Manhattan prep school make a wager: to deflower the new headmaster’s daughter before the start of term.

CURRENT PROJECTS

 

SOMETIMES I LIE

Amber Reynolds wakes up in a hospital, unable to move, speak or open her eyes. She can hear everyone around her, but they don’t know she can.

 

 

OTHER PEOPLE’S HOUSES

Plot unknown.

 

 

MASTERS OF THE UNIVERSE: REVELATION

Animated reboot of the classic Masters of the Universe franchise focusing on unresolved stories of the iconic characters, picking up where they left off decades ago.

 

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FOODSTIRS


In October 2015, Gellar, along with entrepreneurs Galit Laibow and Greg Fleishman, co-founded Foodstirs, a startup food crafting brand selling via e-commerce and retail easy to make organic baking mixes and kits for families. By the beginning of 2017, the brand’s products were available in about 400 stores; by the end of the year a surge of interest from retailers increased its distribution to 8,000 stores. In 2018, Foodstirs entered into a deal with Starbucks to carry its mug cake mixes across 8,000 of its stores.

Gellar released a cook book titled Stirring up Fun with Food on April 18, 2017. The book was co-authored by Gia Russo, and features numerous food crafting ideas.

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